By Brian J. Horowitz
The Society for the advertising of Enlightenment one of the Jews of Russia (OPE) used to be a philanthropic association, the oldest Jewish association in Russia. based via a number of filthy rich Jews in St. Petersburg who desired to increase possibilities for Jewish humans in Russia by means of expanding their entry to schooling and sleek values, OPE was once secular and nonprofit. the gang emphasised the significance of the solidarity of Jewish tradition to assist Jews combine themselves into Russian society by way of commencing, aiding, and subsidizing faculties in the course of the country.
While attaining out to Jews throughout Russia, OPE encountered competition on all fronts. It used to be hobbled by way of the forms and occasionally outright hostility of the Russian govt, which imposed strict rules on all facets of Jewish lives. The OPE was once additionally restricted via the numerous disparate voices in the Jewish neighborhood itself. Debates in regards to the most sensible form of faculties (secular or spiritual, co-educational or single-sex, conventional or "modern") have been consistent. Even the alternative of language for the universities was once hotly debated.
Jewish Philanthropy and Enlightenment in Late-Tsarist Russia deals a version of people and associations being affected by the fear so crucial to modern Jews in the USA and all over the world: how you can keep a powerful Jewish id, whereas absolutely integrating into sleek society.